Handicrafts in Jharkhand are mostly created by the various tribes and its people. Some crafts of Jharkhand are intricate works of its tribes. Jharkhand was created out of neighboring state Bihar so as to meet the demands of the tribal people. Jharkhand is yet develop as a tourist destination, however, state has some prime attractions in the form of national parks, waterfalls etc., located in and around the capital city, Ranchi. Nevertheless, the handicrafts of Jharkhand are quite renown and like other states of India has a domestic as well as international market. Sparrows, peacocks, squirrels and cows inhabit the world of Sohrai and Khovar paintings.
Art and crafts of Kerala gets a special mention because these are part and parcel of Kerala tourism. Handicrafts in Kerala is popular and it attracts a lot of international tourists. Bamboo handicraft has always been an integral part of Kerala lifestyle. Kerala has opened a new world of possibilities when it comes to hand crafted bamboo artifacts and souvenirs. Kerala bamboo handicraft is a perfect combination of tradition and modern trends. This is the main reason why Kerala bamboo handicraft is popular all over India and abroad. The works of Kerala craftsmen is marked with complicated yet artistic weaving. Kerala bamboo crafts also pave way for the development of other handicrafts in Kerala.
Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in India, and boasts of landmarks from different eras of Indian history. With three UNESCO World Heritage sites under its belt, this central Indian state features prominently in India's tourism map. Famous for its wildlife sanctuaries, heritage sites, and national parks, Madhya Pradesh is also home to one of the largest tribal groups in the world. Gonds tribal group in Madhya Pradesh, with a population of around four million, is one the largest in the world. While many from this community are daily wagers, and dependent on agriculture, the one in Patangarh village is an exception. And this community deserves all the attention for preserving one of the unique art styles of India, i.e., the Gond art. Such is the charm of Gond paintings that people from far and near visit this region to get a closer view and understanding about it.
The state of Meghalaya is well known for various crafts. Weaving forms an integral part in the culture of the state and its tribes. Markets like Police bazar, Bara bazar and Laitumkhrah in the capital city are a few places where you can buy the innumerable handicraft items that Meghalaya produces. The important center for weaving endi silk is Sonidan, a village of about hundred bamboo huts. Besides Sonidan, women in some other villages carry out endi silk weaving. Moreover, the production of jainsen (typical Meghalaya women’s wear) with local mulberry silk has also been introduced. Silk weaving has generally encouraged through training of local weavers in a number of places, production on commercial lines. Women do weaving in their spare time and use back-strap or loin-looms, the only exception being the garos who also use frame-looms. Endi silk-weaving, famous for its feel and sturdiness, is carried out by the local women.
Manipur is gifted with nature and its magnificence. Surrounded by lush greenery all around, Manipur boasts of pictorial landscape with cloudy hills, green valleys and beautiful lakes. In addition, Manipur is also known for its rich traditions and cultural heritage, its art forms, and handlooms and handicrafts. Textile Weaving is an art practiced by the women in Manipur. Also known as Laichamphi, this is an important craft of the state. The women are fond of Likchow or Kantha, Khownappi and Liksoi. Additionally, the traditional Manipuri jewellery such as Kiyang-Likphang, Marei, Heibi Mapal, and Khimahurn are widely adorned, even today. These ornaments, however, can only be constructed by a traditional Manipuri Goldsmith.
Rajasthan 'Land of Kings' or 'Land of Kingdom' is India's largest state by area. The stunning Gotta Patti work on the ethnic wear of the Rajasthani womenfolk is spectacular embroidery involving an array of techniques. This process of fabric ornamentation involves applique work with small cut pieces of golden lace. Traditionally done on dresses, dupattas, sarees, ghagras and even turbans for festivals and occasions, gota work is now loved by women of the world for the touch of royalty it gives to anything it embraces.
The people of Chattisgarh use their reserves of natural resources to the optimum potential. The state is famous for traditional bamboo crafts & woodcrafts products. Fork Art Painting and Pithora paintings are interesting and traditional forms of paintings in Chattisgarh. These paintings are made by using natural colors and look beautiful. Tribal men and women of Chattisgarh wear traditional folk ornaments made out of beads, which seems quite interesting. Overall, Bamboo work, Woodcarving, Fork Art Paintings and folk Jewelry are the primary forms of handicrafts in Chattisgarh.
The beautiful state of Gujarat is situated on the western coast of India. The state is bordered by states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh. The last three decades has seen Gujarat transforming into an industrial power, thereby reducing its pressure on agriculture and textile. Baba Pithora is head among the gods of the community of Rathva, and the painting alone is basically done in various homes to pacify him. It is usually drawn on three different walls inside the Rathva homes, especially in osari and the entire process is part of a common ritual to call upon prosperity, peace and the abolition of several obstacles from the lives of a family in particular.
West Bengal is a vast land of diverse landscape and people. The capital Kolkata is famous for its beautiful attractions, lively people and delicious delicacies. West Bengal is also the state where beautiful hill station Darjeeling is situated. The baskets of West Bengal are made by various tribes using bamboo. Basketry is practiced by the members of the lowest castes, known as, doms, namasudras and bagdis, along with poor muslims and some other tribals living on the hills.
The Assam valley is popular for its lush greenery, tea gardens and the beautiful handicrafts of Assam. Assam handicrafts and the various art forms in Assam are the life and soul of its people. he Assamese tribes include the Boro-Kachari, Mishing, Mech, Lalung, Chutiya, Dimasa Cachari, and Karbi Anglong. The weavers from Assam weave beautiful designs on the borders of their mekhlas, chaddars, rihas (traditional garments used by the women) and gamosas (towels). The patterns generally involve animals, human figures, flowers, birds and diamonds. The designs in Assam are symbolic of the different tribes and ethnic groups of the area. Women weavers work from a graph of small designs which are generally geometric patterns embellished with floral tracery in between coloured strips and is woven on a loin-loom with traditional colours.
Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is one of the most beautiful destinations of India. However, this paradise on earth has always been in controversy due to terrorism and political turmoil. The popularity as well as the importance of Kashmiri Shawls in the handicraft market of Jammu and Kashmir is very old. These delicate shawls are soft and comfortable to use and has a great demand in the international market. The making of these shawls is not an easy task, as it requires a lot of concentration and patience. Most of these shawls are made of three fibers, namely, wool, Pashmina and Shahtoosh.